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ODM y pobreza

Los documentos de trabajo se derivan de distintas iniciativas de la Dirección Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, y principalmente, de los proyectos coordinados por el Área de Reducción de la Pobreza, ODM’s y Desarrollo Humano. Esta iniciativa, denominada Investigación para la Política Pública, aborda temas de trascendencia para la región y pretende contribuir al debate público en las áreas de ODM’s y pobreza, desarrollo incluyente y desarrollo humano.

2012

MDG-02-2012

“Conditional Cash Transfers schemes and Households’ Energy Response in Mexico” Alan Fuchs

This paper analyzes the relationship between income and energy use in poor households in Mexico. We use household expenditure surveys that were collected to evaluate the poverty alleviation program called “Oportunidades”. We argue that Oportunidades transfers provide an income shock that is exogenous to a household’s energy demand, allowing us to estimate short-run and long-run income elasticities for energy use. Results suggest significant differences between long-run and short-run elasticities as households emerging from poverty become first-time purchasers of energy-using appliances.

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MDG-01-2012

"Equidad y sostenibilidad en el avance hacia los ODM: Once ejemplos exitosos en América Latina y el Caribe" Hernando Gómez Buendía

Los países del mundo que más han avanzado hacia las metas del milenio son aquellos que lo hacen de manera equitativa y sostenible; y el progreso es mayor en cuanto a aquel o aquellos Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM) que se han buscado de una forma equitativa y sostenible. A través de estos once ejemplos, se examinan las políticas o los programas en América Latina y el Caribe que acentúan las dimensiones de equidad y sostenibilidad en procura de los ODM.

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2010

MDG-08-2010

"Los jóvenes y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en América Latina y el Caribe" Mariana Marchionni, Javier Alejo, Adriana Conconi, Pablo Glüzmann y Loepoldo Tornarolli

La Declaración del Milenio, aprobada por 189 países y firmada por 147 jefes de estado y de gobierno en la Cumbre del Milenio de las Naciones Unidas (septiembre de 2000), constituye hasta la fecha el compromiso global más ambicioso con relación a los Derechos Humanos. Representa las aspiraciones de la comunidad internacional de garantizar los derechos civiles, políticos, económicos, sociales y culturales de todos los hombres y mujeres de mundo.

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MDG-07-2010

"The Permanent Effects of Recessions on Child Health: Evidence from Peru" Jorge M. Agüero y Martín Valdivia

We explore the permanent e ffects that recessions have on health-related outcomes of mothers and children in Peru. To account for possible self-selection into giving birth during harsh economic conditions, we compare the infant mortality rates of siblings born in di fferent phases of the economic cycle. Our results suggest that a 1 percent decline in GDP per capita is associated with an increase in infant mortality rates between 0.30 and 0.39 percent.

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MDG-06-2010

"The Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Wellbeing of Families in Brazil" Sergio Pinheiro Firpo y André Portela Souza

This study examines the impact of the economic crisis occurred in Brazil in the years 1987 to 1991 on the wellbeing outcomes of families. The outcomes of interest are education, health and poverty.

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MDG-05-2010

"Economic Crises, Health and Education in Jamaica" Namsuk Kim y Marta Serra-Garcia

We study the impact of growth fluctuation on education and health indicators in Jamaica. Using household surveys between 1989 and 2007, we study the impact by using pseudo-panel regressions at the parish level, instrumenting growth fluctuations with variations in major Jamaican export commodities, to account for the endogeneity of growth in its relationship with education and health indicators.

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MDG-04-2010

"Impact of Economic Crises on Mortality: The Case of Mexico" Eva Olimpia Arceo-Gómez

Given the current depression of the global economy, questions have been raised on what the consequences will be for the wellbeing on people all around the world. Of particular concern are the effects of this recession on developing countries, and whether the progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals will be slowed down, stalled or even reversed (UN, 2009).

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MDG-03-2010

"Permanent Effects of Economic Crises on Household Welfare: Estimations and Projections from Argentina’s Downturns" Guillermo Cruces, Pablo Glüzmann y Luis Felipe López-Calva

he quantification of the impact of crises on household welfare and socioeconomic outcomes is a fundamental input for the design of ex ante safety nets and ex post alleviation programs. Economic downturns have direct effects through employment and household income, but whether these and other impacts are permanent rather than transitory is harder to establish.

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MDG-02-2010

"The Effects of Macroeconomic Shocks on Employment: The Case of Mexico" Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical effects of macroeconomic shocks in employment and wages for the case of Mexico. Using an event study of the 1995, 2001 and 2008 crises, I …find that young and unskilled workers are the most affected by an economic shock: they are the most sensitive to unemployment, changing from employment in the formal to the informal sector (formal workers are entitled to social security protection), and to leave the labor force.

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MDG-01-2010

"Transitory Shocks, Permanent Effects: Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Well-Being of Households in Latin America and the Caribbean" Almudena Fernandez y Luis F. López-Calva

Aggregate macroeconomic shocks have long-term effects on the welfare of households. The global crisis of 2008-2009 will be no exception, and the magnitude of these impacts will depend on the vulnerability of households, the length of the crisis, the pace of the recovery and the social protection programs in place at the country level. This paper, based on the results of the project The Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Well-being of Households in Latin America and the Caribbean, aims to measure the impact of the global recession on social indicators.

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2009

MDG-11-2009

"Income and Beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries" Diego Battiston, Guillermo Cruces, Luis F. López-Calva, Maria Ana Lugo y Maria Emma Santos

This paper presents empirical results of a wide range of multidimensional poverty measures for: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay, for the period 1992–2006. Six dimensions are analysed: income, child attendance at school, education of the household head, sanitation, water and shelter.

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MDG-10-2009

"Risk, Natural Disasters and Poverty in Latin America: Case Study - Ecuador" Carla Calero, Rosario Maldonado y Andrea Molina

This paper seeks to explore the empirical relationship between natural disasters and poverty in Latin American. In this sense, the main objective of this paper is to contribute to the empirical debate and knowledge about this theme, and to provide some relevant policy recommendations.

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MDG-09-2009

"The Global Food Crisis and Guatemala: What Crisis and For Whom?" Alain de Janvry y Elisabeth Sadoulet

Food prices rose sharply on the international market between January 2005 and mid-2008, precipitating what has become known as the “global food crisis”. Yet, how much of a crisis was it at the household level, and for whom was it a crisis? This paper analyzes the welfare effects of changes in prices over categories of households in Guatemala.

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MDG-08-2009

"Patrones de manifestaciones de riesgo extensivo en la región Andina: Los casos de Colombia, Ecuador y Bolivia" Fernando Ramírez

La configuración del riesgo en el territorio de los países analizados tiene que ver con un conjunto de factores variados que van desde la existencia de fenómenos amenazantes que, en caso de manifestarse pueden poner en peligro bienes y personas, como de factores asociados a la vulnerabilidad, manifestados en condiciones y procesos complejos que históricamente han ido creando, consolidando y acumulando condiciones de riesgo.

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