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Desarrollo humano

Los documentos de trabajo se derivan de distintas iniciativas de la Dirección Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, y principalmente, de los proyectos coordinados por el Área de Reducción de la Pobreza, ODM’s y Desarrollo Humano. Esta iniciativa, denominada Investigación para la Política Pública, aborda temas de trascendencia para la región y pretende contribuir al debate público en las áreas de ODM’s y pobreza, desarrollo incluyente y desarrollo humano.

2009

HD-12-2009

"Identifying successful strategies for fighting child malnutrition in Peru" Janice Seinfeld y Arlette Beltrán

Child malnutrition has not improved in the last decade in Peru, despite the important economic growth of the last fifteen years. One out of four children suffers chronic malnutrition and inequalities among different income quintiles are significant.

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HD-11-2009

"Disentangling the role of Pre-Labor Markets Skills and Family Background when Explaining Inequality" Julio Guzman y Sergio S. Urzúa

This paper presents a model for the analysis of income inequality when schooling choices and labor market outcomes are endogenously determined. In our framework, individual's schooling decisions and labor market productivity are determined by observable characteristics and unobserved heterogeneity. "Disentangling the role of Pre-Labor Markets Skills and Family Background when Explaining Inequality" Julio Guzman y Sergio S. Urzúa

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HD-10-2009

"Educational Expansion and Inequality of Earnings Opportunities: Recent Trends in Latin American Countries" Jérémie Gignoux

This chapter provides detailed evidence on the recent trends in the distribution of earnings opportunities, among men aged 40 to 49, in a set of five Latin American countries – Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Peru -, and studies the contribution of the educational expansion observed between the early 1960s to the mid 1980s to these trends.

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HD-09-2009

"Sociological and Economic Approaches to the Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality in Latin America" Florencia Torche

Latin America is the region of the world with the highest level of income inequality (De Ferranti et al. 2004). The historical roots of economic inequality date back to the colonial times. They include the unequal distribution of land, and the establishment of institutions that prevented the access to human capital, productive resources, and political power by the majority of the population (Engerman and Sokoloff 2002).

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HD-08-2009

"Imaginarios: Desarrollo y aplicaciones de un concepto crecientemente utilizado en las Ciencias Sociales" Carolina Moreno Bravo y Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser

El concepto de imaginario ha sido utilizado para enfatizar el carácter construido de la realidad social, es decir, el postulado de que toda comunidad de sujetos actúa en función de instituciones que son creadas por ellos mismos y que tienen la capacidad de reglamentar la vida cotidiana.

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HD-07-2009

"The Cognitive Transition in Mexico: Economic Geography and Local Governance Impacts" David Mayer-Foulkes

This article shows that cognitive ability dynamics interact with both individual and local indicators of macroeconomic wellbeing, publicly provided goods and private goods, through 141 localities in Mexico.

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HD-06-2009

"Economic Geography of Human Development: Stratified Growth in Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala and Peru" David Mayer-Foulkes

This article begins by constructing a model of stratified and divergent economic growth integrating economic geography, human development and endogenous technological change. Even in the presence of perfect capital, goods, and labor markets, economic geography and local governance can lead to stratification and divergence.

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HD-05-2009

"An Ordinal Approach to the Study of Inequality in Life Chances: The Case of Latin America" Joseph Deutsch y Jacques Silber

The present study represents precisely an attempt to analyze inequality in life chances from an ordinal point if view.

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HD-04-2009

"On the Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality in Life Chances in Latin America: A Cardinal Approach" Joseph Deutsch y Jacques Silber

The present study is another attempt to analyze intergenerational mobility or more generally inequality in life chances. It takes a cardinal approach to this topic. A distinction will be made between three different concepts.

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HD-03-2009

"Income Mobility within a Generation: An Introduction to the State of the Art in Latin America" Gary S. Fields

Before discussing mobility, it is useful to recount briefly the three other main aspects of income distribution: growth (which tells about changes in the mean), inequality (which tells about dispersion), and poverty (which tells about the bottom end of the distribution).

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HD-02-2009

"A Turning Point? Recent Developments on Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean" Leonardo Gasparini, Guillermo Cruces, Leopoldo Tornarolli y Mariana Marchionni

This paper documents patterns and recent developments on different dimensions of inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). New comparative international evidence confirms that LAC is a region of high inequality, although maybe not the highest in the world.

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HD-01-2009

"Intergenerationalities: Some Educational Questions on Quality, Quantity and Opportunity" Ravi Kanbur

This paper raises a number of issues in thinking about and addressing the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage. Starting with choice subject to constraints by parents as determining outcomes for children, the paper identifies sequences of interventions to relieve “binding constraints” in the expansion of education. But the fact that parents choose for children is shown to raise a number of questions on normative aspects of inequality measurement.

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